Support to social protection knowledge production and policy analysis for UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (ROSA)

Start Date: Status: Ongoing


This project aims to produce knowledge, providing a comprehensive comparative overview of social protection systems in South Asia. Also, specifically for Afghanistan, the project provides technical assistance on a social protection policy and, specifically for Sri Lanka, on public expenditure fiscal space. Outputs include a series of comparative studies, one pagers and technical assistance to all countries during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.


UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia


South Asia

Afghanistan , Bangladesh , Bhutan , India , Maldives , Nepal , Pakistan , Sri Lanka

Main Pillar

Knowledge Production

Thematic Area

Social Protection

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG 1 - No Poverty , SDG 5 - Gender Equality

Project Results

1. Development of knowledge products

a) Social spending in South Asia: An overview of government expenditure on health, education and social assistance.

b) Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity lens.

c) Gender and social protection in South Asia: An assessment of the design of non-contributory programmes.

d) Social protection legislative frameworks in South Asia from a child-rights perspective.

e) Evidence linking social protection programmes in South Asia with child poverty, economic growth and improvement in human development.

f) Series of country specific summaries considering legal and fiscal frameworks, overview, child and gender sensitive feature sof flagship programmes, and findings of impact evaluations:

g) Socio-economic impacts of COVID-19, policy responses and the missing middle in South Asia.

h) One Pager series on country specific summaries of social protections responses to the COVID-19 crisis

​​​​​​2. Provision of technical assistance to all countries of the region in the early days of the COVID-19 crisis

3. Provision of technical assistance to Afghanistan by facilitating a policy dialogue process to result in a new social protection policy, including studies to inform evidence-based decisions.

  • Elaborating a needs assessment study.
  • Elaborating a mapping of the social protection system and its key programmes.
  • Elaborating background material to support workshops and meetings to inform a new Social Protection Policy

4. Provision of technical assistance to Sri Lanka by elaborating fiscal and reprogramming analyses to enhance the efficiency of existing programmes and identify funding possibilities to roll out a new Universal Child Benefit (UCB) proposed by UNICEF.

  • Elaborating a fiscal space analysis.
  • Elaborating a reprogramming analysis.